Wisdom teeth, also referred to as the third molars, are the last teeth to break out in human beings. The molars usually erupt in the late teens or early twenties; however, it is not pretty uncommon for wisdom teeth to erupt in late adulthood. They can be an asset if they erupt smoothly and without any interruption. The problem with third molars is that if they do not erupt properly or are misaligned, they can cause damage to the neighboring teeth. Such wisdom teeth would have to be removed to avoid pain and discomfort.
What are the problems that can arise due to a wisdom tooth?
It is quite possible for the wisdom tooth to be impacted, which means that the wisdom teeth stay intact in the soft tissue and break out only partially through the gums. The chances of bacteria entering the tooth increase when the impacted teeth remain partially open. This may cause infection, and as a result, there will be swelling in the jaw, pain, and general illness. The misalignment of the jaw can make it difficult to brush or floss, exposing the tooth to decay and gum disease. There are four sets of wisdom teeth, two each on the upper and lower jaw. Currently, due to lifestyle changes, people do not get wisdom teeth. This is because the jaws do not develop completely and suitably, which restrain the wisdom teeth from erupting.
When should wisdom teeth need to be extracted?
- A wisdom tooth has to be removed when you feel pain behind molars which can increase with time.
- If there is redness, swelling, tenderness, it can lead to infection in the gums. The extraction of the wisdom teeth would be needed in such cases.
- Impacted wisdom teeth can also cause foul breath and bad taste in the mouth.
- If the person experiences pain and stiffness in the jaw, extraction of wisdom teeth may be needed.
What are the steps involved in wisdom teeth removal?
The wisdom tooth removal process depends on the condition of the wisdom teeth. If the wisdom tooth has fully come out, it is pretty easy to extract it. But in case the tooth is impacted, then it will need an incision in the gums. The tooth is usually extracted in small units to minimalize the amount of bone required for a tooth removal.
The wisdom tooth extraction is implemented under local anesthesia to avoid significant discomfort. For people suffering from extreme dental anxiety, conscious sedation can also be considered so that they will have no memory of the procedure. Minor surgery is done where the tissue and bone around the wisdom tooth are extracted, thus enabling the easy extraction of the teeth from its socket. The surgical spot may require several sutures to ensure the healing of the overlying tissue. These stitches may either dissolve or need to be removed by the surgeon.
To know more, call us at (936) 564-2439 or schedule an online appointment with our dentists. We will be happy to guide you further.